Click on the link below for more information on modern slavery.
Modern Slavery is an umbrella term for activities involving the exploitation of person(s) for the benefit of others. It is a crime which violate people’s human rights and victims of modern slavery cannot leave their situation of exploitation as they are controlled through several means including threats, violence, coercion and deception.
People exploited through modern slavery are from all backgrounds, faiths, genders and nationalities, although there are several factors which could make a person more at-risk. Equally, there is no one perpetrator of modern slavery, but we know those who exploit others abuse a position of power or trust.
The UK Modern Slavery Act (2015) consolidated existing offences and provided new legal definitions for:
These activities are defined in the Modern Slavery Act and refer to when a person or group holds another person(s) in slavery or servitude or requires them to perform forced or compulsory labour.
Slavery, Servitude, Forced or Compulsory Labour consists of:
Human trafficking is considered a form of modern slavery, however the element of movement makes it distinct.
Human trafficking consists of:
Human Trafficking is also often confused with ‘smuggling’ as they both involve movement of people. However, they are some distinct differences with smuggling:
|A person may be moved across international borders or internally.
|A person is moved across international borders.
|Involves the deception or coercion of a person. Even though they may consent to travel it is under false pretences.
|Is a service a person may ask/pay for, despite the danger to their own safety.
|Once a person reaches their destination, they are exploited by those involved in their movement.
|Once a person reaches their destination, they are free to move on.
An individual may experience multiple forms of exploitation or abuse. The most common forms of exploitation include, but are not limited to:
Sexual exploitation – this includes sexual abuse, forced prostitution and forms of child sexual exploitation.
Labour exploitation – victims are forced to work long hours for little or no pay in various industries including, but not limited to, construction, agriculture, hospitality, waste and fishing.
Forced criminality – victims are compelled to commit crimes to benefit other persons e.g. shoplifting, cannabis cultivation, fraud.
Domestic servitude – victims live and work in their ‘employer’s’ household and are forced to work long hours undertaking a variety of domestic tasks for very little or no pay. This is one of the most difficult forms of exploitation to uncover due to its hidden nature.
Organ harvesting – the surgical removal of parts of the body, sold for huge profits. Whilst it is rare in the UK, it still happens.
There is no one typical victim of modern slavery, but there are some general indicators which may suggest a person is being exploited.
A person in a situation of modern slavery may:
Download our Pocketbook for Professionals for more information of spotting the signs
Call the Modern Slavery Helpline anonymously on 08000 121 700 to get help, report a suspicion or to seek advice. Or report an incident online at www.modernslaveryhelpline.org/report
Call the police on 999 in an emergency, where there is a threat to life or a crime in progress or to report an incident that isn’t an emergency call the police on 101.
Call the Salvation Army Modern Slavery referral helpline on 0800 808 3733 for confidential advice and to get support for potential victim(s) of modern slavery.